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Application provision

1.1 Unless otherwise stated, this Part applies to every firm except:

  1. (1) an incoming EEA firm;
  2. (2) an incoming Treaty firm; and
  3. (3) an insurer that is not a UK Solvency II firm.

1

Application and Definitions

1.1

01/01/2016

Unless otherwise stated, this Part applies to every firm except:

  1. (1) an incoming EEA firm;
  2. (2) an incoming Treaty firm; and
  3. (3) an insurer that is not a UK Solvency II firm.

1.2

01/01/2016

This Part does not apply to a firm with respect to a financial conglomerate of which it is a member if the interest of the financial conglomerate in that firm is no more than a participation.

1.3

01/01/2016

The rules in 3.2, 4.2 and Chapter 7 do not apply with respect to a third country financial conglomerate.

1.4

12/10/2016

In this Part, the following definitions shall apply:

alternative investment fund manager

means a manager of alternative investment funds within the meaning of Article 4(1)(b), (l) and (ab) of the AIFMD or an undertaking which is outside the EEA and which would require authorisation in accordance with the AIFMD if it had its registered office within the EEA.

ancillary insurance services undertaking

in relation to any undertaking in a consolidation group, an undertaking complying with the following conditions:

        1. (1) its principal activity consists of:
          1. (a) owning or managing property;
          2. (b) managing data-processing services;
          3. (c) providing health and care services; or
          4. (d) any other similar activity;
        2. (2) the activity in (1) is ancillary to the principal activity of one or more insurance undertakings; and
        3. (3) those insurance undertakings are also members of that consolidation group.

applicable sectoral consolidation rules

means in respect of a financial sector the PRA’s sectoral rules about capital adequacy and solvency on a consolidated basis applicable to that financial sector under the table in paragraph 8 of Annex 2 of this Part (Application of sectoral consolidation rules).

applicable sectoral rules

means in respect of a financial sector, applicable sectoral consolidation rules for that financial sector and the PRA’s sectoral rules about capital adequacy and solvency for:

        1. (1) the banking and investment services sector as set out in paragraph 6.2 of Annex 2 to this Part; or
        2. (2) the insurance sector as set out in paragraph 6.4 of Annex 2 to this Part;

which of those sets of rules apply for the purpose of a particular calculation depends on the nature of that calculation.

asset management company

means a management company within the meaning of Article 2(1)(b) of the UCITS Directive, as well as an undertaking the registered office of which is outside the EEA and which would require authorisation in accordance with Article 6(1) of the UCITS Directive if it had its registered office within the EEA.

authorised electronic money institution

means in accordance with regulation 2(1) of the Electronic Money Regulations:

        1. (1) a person included by the FCA in the Financial Services Register as an authorised electronic money institution pursuant to regulation 4(1)(a) of the Electronic Money Regulations; or
        2. (2) a person deemed to have been granted authorisation by virtue of regulation 74 of the Electronic Money Regulations.

banking and investment services sector

means the investment services sector and the banking sector taken together.

banking sector

means a sector composed of one or more of the following entities:

        1. (1) a credit institution;
        2. (2) a financial institution; and
        3. (3) an ancillary services undertaking that is not an ancillary insurance services undertaking.

collective portfolio management investment firm

has the meaning given in the PRA Handbook Glossary.

competent authority

means any national authority of an EEA State which is empowered by law or regulation to supervise regulated entities, whether on an individual or group-wide basis.

conglomerate capital resources

in relation to a financial conglomerate with respect to which 3.3 applies capital resources as defined in whichever of paragraphs 1.1 of Part 1 or 2.1 of Part 2 of Annex 2 applies with respect to that financial conglomerate.

conglomerate capital resources requirement

in relation to a financial conglomerate with respect to which 3.3 applies the capital resources requirement defined in whichever of paragraphs 1.3 or 2.4 of Annex 2  applies with respect to that financial conglomerate.

consolidation group

means:

        1. (1) a conventional group; or
        2. (2) undertakings linked by an Article 12(1) relationship or an Article 18(6) relationship.

If a parent undertaking or subsidiary undertaking in a conventional group (the first person) has a consolidation Article 12(1) relationship or an Article 18(6) relationship with another person (the second person), the second person, and any subsidiary undertaking of the second person, is also a member of the same consolidation group.

conventional group

means a group of undertakings that consists of a parent undertaking and

any person that is either:

        1. (1) a subsidiary undertaking of that parent undertaking; or
        2. (2) an undertaking in which that parent undertaking or a subsidiary undertaking of that parent undertaking holds a participation.

CRD full-scope firm

means an investment firm as defined in article 4(1)(2) of the CRR that is subject to the requirements imposed by MiFID, or which would be subject to that Directive if its head office were in an EEA State, and that is not a limited activity firm or a limited licence firm.

delegated acts

means Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2015/35 supplementing Directive 2009/138/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the taking-up and pursuit of the business of Insurance and Reinsurance (Solvency II).

EEA insurer

means an  undertaking whose head office is in any EEA State except the UK and which has received authorisation in accordance with article 14 of the Solvency II Directive.

EEA prudential sectoral legislation

means, in relation to a financial sector, requirements applicable to persons in that financial sector in accordance with EEA legislation with respect to prudential supervision of regulated entities in that financial sector.

EEA regulated entity

means a regulated entity that is an EEA firm or a UK firm.

electronic money institution

means, in accordance with regulation 2(1) of the Electronic Money Regulations, an authorised electronic money institution or a small electronic money institution.

Electronic Money Regulations

means the Electronic Money Regulations 2011 (SI 2011/99).

financial conglomerate notification

means a notification issued in respect of a financial conglomerate that has been identified as a financial conglomerate as contemplated by Article 4(2) of the Financial Groups Directive.

Financial Conglomerates Regulations

means The Financial Conglomerates and Other Financial Groups Regulations 2004 (SI 2004/1862).

financial sector

means one of the banking and investment services sector or the insurance sector.

Financial Services Register

means a public record, as required by section 347 of FSMA (The public record), regulation 4 of the Payment Services Regulations (SI 2009/209) and, regulation 4 of the Electronic Money Regulations.

full-scope IFPRU investment firm

means a CRD full-scope firm that is an IFPRU investment firm.

IFPRU investment firm

means an investment firm, as defined in article 4(1)(2) of the CRR, including a collective portfolio management investment firm, that satisfies the following conditions:

        1. (1) it is a FCA-authorised firm;
        2. (2) its head office is in the UK; and
        3. (3) it is not excluded under IFPRU 1.1.5 in the FCA Handbook.

IFPRU limited activity firm

means a limited activity firm that meets the following conditions:

        1. (1) it is an FCA-authorised firm;
        2. (2) its head office is in the UK; and
        3. (3) it is not excluded under IFPRU 1.1.5 in the FCA Handbook.

insurance conglomerate

means a financial conglomerate that is identified in paragraph 3.1 of Annex 2 as an insurance conglomerate.

insurance sector

means a sector composed of one or more of the following entities:

        1. (1) a Solvency II undertaking;
        2. (2) third country insurance undertaking or a third country reinsurance undertaking;
        3. (3) an insurance holding company; and
        4. (4) in the relevant circumstances described in 5, an asset management company or an alternative investment fund manager.

investment firm

has the meaning given by Article 2(3) of the Financial Groups Directive.

investment services sector

means a sector composed of one or more of the following entities:

        1. (1) an investment firm;
        2. (2) a financial institution; and
        3. (3) in the relevant circumstances described in 5, an asset management company or an alternative investment fund manager.

limited activity firm

has the meaning given by article 96(1) of the CRR.

limited licence firm

has the meaning given by article 95(1) of the CRR.

mixed financial holding company

has the meaning given in Article 2(15) of the Financial Groups Directive.   

most important financial sector

means the financial sector with the largest average referred to in the box titled Threshold Test 2 in Annex 1; and so that the investment services sector and the banking sector are treated as one for the purpose of the definition of financial conglomerate and for the purposes of 1 to 5 of this Part.

overall financial sector

means a sector composed of one or more the following types of entities:

        1. (1) members of each of the financial sectors; and
        2. (2) except where 1 to 5 and Annex 2 to this Part  provide otherwise, a mixed financial holding company.

own funds requirements

has the meaning given by Article 92 of the CRR.

parent undertaking

has the meaning in Article 2(9) of the Financial Groups Directive.

participation

has the meaning given in article Article 2(11) of the Financial Groups Directive.

PRA financial conglomerate notification

means a notification in respect of a financial conglomerate in accordance with Regulation 2 of the Financial Conglomerates Regulations issued by the PRA or by the UK Financial Services Authority and attributed to the PRA on 1 April 2013, identifying that financial conglomerate and its coordinator.

recognised third country investment firm

has the meaning given by the PRA Handbook Glossary.

regulated entity

means one of the following:

        1. (1) a credit institution;
        2. (2) a Solvency II undertaking, a third country insurance undertaking, a third country reinsurance undertaking;
        3. (3) an investment firm;
        4. (4) an asset management company for the purposes described in 5; or
        5. (5) an alternative investment fund manager for the purposes described in 5;

whether or not it is incorporated in, or has its head office in, an EEA State.

relevant competent authorities

in relation to a financial conglomerate, means those competent authorities which are, or which have been appointed as, relevant competent authorities in relation to that financial conglomerate under Article 2(17) of the Financial Groups Directive.

small electronic money institution

means, in accordance with regulation 2(1) of the Electronic Money Regulations, a person included by the FCA in the Financial Services Register pursuant to regulation 4(1)(b) of the Electronic Money Regulations.

smallest financial sector

means the financial sector with the smallest average referred to in the box titled Threshold Test 2 in Annex 1, the investment services sector and the banking sector being treated as one in the circumstances set out in 1 to 5 of this Part.

sectoral rules

means, in relation to a financial sector, the following rules and requirements relating to the prudential supervision of regulated entities within that financial sector:

        1. (1) for the purposes of 2.8, EEA prudential sectoral legislation for that financial sector together with, as appropriate, the rules and requirements in (3);
        2. (2) for the purpose of calculating solo capital resources and a solo capital resources requirement:
          1. (a) to the extent provided for in paragraphs 6.4 to 6.6 of Annex 2, rules and requirements that are referred to in those paragraphs; and
          2. (b) the rules and requirements in (3); or
        3. (3) for all other purposes, rules and requirements of the PRA.
        4. and so that:
        5. (4) in relation to prudential rules about consolidated supervision for any financial sector, those requirements include ones relating to the form and extent of consolidation;
        6. (5) in relation to any financial sector, those requirements include ones relating to the eligibility of different types of capital;
        7. (6) in relation to any financial sector, those requirements include both ones applying on a solo basis and ones applying on a consolidated basis; and
        8. (7) references to the PRA’s sectoral rules are to sectoral rules in the form of rules.

solo capital resources

means capital resources that are or would be eligible as capital under the sectoral rules that apply for the purpose of calculating its solo capital resources requirement. Paragraph 7.1 of Annex 2 applies for the purpose of this definition in the same way as it does for the definition of solo capital resources requirement.

solo capital resources requirement

a capital resources requirement calculated on a solo basis as defined in paragraph 6.2 to 6.7 of Annex 2.

solvency deficit

in Annex 2 and in respect of a member of the overall financial sector, means the amount, if any, by which its solo capital resources fall short of its solo capital resources requirement.

subsidiary undertaking

has the meaning given in Article 2(10) of the Financial Groups Directive.

third country financial conglomerate

a financial conglomerate that is of a type that falls under Article 5(3) of the Financial Groups Directive.

third country insurance undertaking

means an undertaking that has its head office outside the EEA and that would require authorisation as an insurance undertaking in accordance with Article 14 of the Solvency II Directive if its head office was situated in the EEA.

third country reinsurance undertaking

means an undertaking that has its head office outside the EEA and that would require authorisation as a reinsurance undertaking in accordance with Article 14 of the Solvency II Directive if its head office were situated in the EEA.

UCITS management company

    1. (1) except in relation to MiFID business, a firm which is either:
      1. (a) a UCITS firm; or
      2. (b) a UCITS investment firm.
    2. (2) in relation to MiFID business, a management company as defined in the UCITS Directive.

[Note: article 4(1)(24) of MiFID]

UK-regulated EEA financial conglomerate

means a financial conglomerate other than a third country financial conglomerate that satisfies one of the following conditions:

        1. (1) 3.3 applies with respect to it; or
        2. (2) a firm that is a member of that financial conglomerate is subject to obligations imposed through its Part 4A permission or section 55M of FSMA to ensure that the financial conglomerate meets levels of capital adequacy based on or stated to be based on Annex I of the Financial Groups Directive.

1.5

01/01/2016

Unless otherwise defined in this Part, any italicised expression used in this Part and in the CRR or the Solvency II Directive has the same meaning as in the CRR or the Solvency II Directive.

2

Definition of a Financial Conglomerate

2.1

01/01/2016

A financial conglomerate means a consolidation group that is a financial conglomerate when assessed against the decision tree in Annex 1.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art 2(14) and Art 3(1) to 3(3) of the Financial Groups Directive]

2.2

01/01/2016

A consolidation group is not prevented from being a financial conglomerate because it is part of a wider:

  1. (1) consolidation group; or
  2. (2) financial conglomerate; or
  3. (3) group of persons linked in some other way.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art 2(12) and Art 2(14) of the Financial Groups Directive]

2.3

01/01/2016

For the purpose of the definition of financial conglomerate, there are two financial sectors as follows:

  1. (1) the banking sector and the investment services sector, taken together; and
  2. (2) the insurance sector.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art 2(8) and second paragraph of Art 3(2) of the Financial Groups Directive]

2.4

01/01/2016

For the purposes of Annex 1:

  1. (1) a mixed financial holding company is outside the overall financial sector for the purposes of the tests set out in the boxes entitled Threshold Test 1, Threshold Test 2 and Threshold Test 3 in Annex 1;
  2. (2) determining whether the tests set out in the boxes entitled Threshold Test 2 and Threshold Test 3 in Annex 1 are passed is based on a consideration of the consolidated and/or aggregated activities of the members of the consolidation group within the insurance sector and the consolidated and/or aggregated activities of the members of the consolidation group within the banking sector and the investment services sector; and
  3. (3) in determining the investment services sector for the purposes of the tests in the boxes entitled Threshold Test 1, Threshold Test 2 and Threshold Test 3, any investment firm that does not fall within the definition in Article 4(1)(2) of the CRR is excluded.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art 2(4) of the Financial Groups Directive]

2.5

01/01/2016

In respect of a financial conglomerate in relation to which a financial conglomerate notification has been issued, the figures in Annex 1 are altered as follows:

  1. (1) the figure of 40% in the box titled Threshold Test 1 is replaced by 35%;
  2. (2) the figure of 10% in the box title Threshold Test 2 is replaced by 8%; and
  3. (3) the figure of six billion Euro in the box titled Threshold Test 3 is replaced by five billion Euro.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art 3(6) of the Financial Groups Directive]

2.6

01/01/2016

The alteration in 2.5 applies to a financial conglomerate only during the period that:

  1. (1) begins when the financial conglomerate would otherwise have stopped being a financial conglomerate because it does not meet one of the unaltered thresholds referred to 2.5; and
  2. (2) covers the three years following that date.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art 3(6) of the Financial Groups Directive]

2.7

01/01/2016

The calculations referred to in Annex 1 regarding the balance sheet must be made on the basis of the aggregated balance sheet total of the members of the consolidation group, according to their annual accounts. For the purposes of this calculation, undertakings in which a participation is held must be taken into account as regards the amount of their balance sheet total corresponding to the aggregated proportional share held by the consolidation group. However, where consolidated accounts are available, they must be used instead of aggregated accounts.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art 3(7) of the Financial Groups Directive]

2.8

01/01/2016

The solvency and capital adequacy requirements referred to in Annex 1 must be calculated in accordance with the provisions of the relevant sectoral rules

Additional Notes


[Note: Art 3(7) of the Financial Groups Directive]

3

Capital Adequacy

3.1

01/01/2016

In this Chapter,

  1. (1) 3.2 applies where a financial conglomerate notification has been issued in respect of a financial conglomerate of which a firm is a member; and
  2. (2) 3.3, 3.4 and 3.5 apply where a PRA financial conglomerate notification has been issued in respect of a financial conglomerate of which a firm is a member.

3.2

01/01/2016

A firm must at all times have capital resources of such an amount and type that results in the capital resources of the financial conglomerate being adequate.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art 6(2) of the Financial Groups Directive]

3.3

01/01/2016

A firm must have capital resources of an amount and type that ensures that the conglomerate capital resources of that financial conglomerate at all times equal or exceed its conglomerate capital resources requirement.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art 6(2) of the Financial Groups Directive]

3.4

01/01/2016

(1) Subject to 3.5, the definitions of conglomerate capital resources and conglomerate capital resources requirement that apply for the purposes of 3.3 are the definitions from whichever of Part 1 or Part 2 of Annex 2 the firm has indicated to the PRA it will apply.

[Note: Art 6(4) of the Financial Groups Directive]

(2) The firm must indicate to the PRA in advance which Part of Annex 2 it intends to apply.

3.5

01/01/2016

If a firm is subject to a requirement that prescribes the capital adequacy calculation by reference to one or other of Parts 1 and 2 of Annex 2, the definitions of conglomerate capital resources and conglomerate capital resources requirement that apply for the purposes of 3.3 are the definitions from whichever of Part 1 or Part 2 of Annex 2 is specified in the requirement.

Additional Notes


[Note: paragraph 3 of Annex I of the Financial Groups Directive]

4

Risk Concentration and Intra-Group Transactions

4.1

01/01/2016

This Chapter applies to a firm that is a member of a financial conglomerate in respect of which a PRA financial conglomerate notification has been issued.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art 7(2) and Art 8(2) of the Financial Groups Directive]

4.2

01/01/2016

A firm that is a member of a UK regulated EEA financial conglomerate headed by a mixed financial holding company must ensure compliance with the sectoral rules, identified for these purposes in the table at 4.3, regarding risk concentration and intra-group transactions of the most important financial sector in that financial conglomerate with respect to that financial sector as a whole, including the mixed financial holding company.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art 7(4) and Art 8(4) of the Financial Groups Directive]

4.3

01/01/2016

Table: application of sectoral rules

The most important financial sectorApplicable sectoral rules
 Risk concentrationIntra-group transactions
Banking and investment services sector CRR Part Four of the CRR
Insurance sector Group Supervision 16.1 Group Supervision 16.2
Note Any waiver granted to a member of the financial conglomerate, on an individual or consolidated basis, shall not apply in respect of the financial conglomerate for the purposes of 4.2.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art 7(4) and Art 8(4) of the Financial Groups Directive]

5

Asset Management Companies and Alternative Investment Fund Managers

5.1

12/10/2016

A firm must treat an asset management company and an alternative investment fund manager that is a member of a financial conglomerate of which that firm is a member:

  1. (1) as included in the overall financial sector for the purposes of:
    1. (1) 3.3 to 4.3;
    2. (2) Annex 2 (Capital adequacy calculations for financial conglomerates) and Annex 3 (Prudential rules for third country financial conglomerates); and
    3. (3) any other provision of the PRA Rulebook relating to the supervision of financial conglomerates.

[Note: first paragraph of Art 30 and paragraph 1 of Art 30a of the Financial Groups Directive]

  1. (2) In the case of a financial conglomerate for which the PRA is the coordinator,firm must allocate an asset management company and an alternative investment fund manager:
    1. (a) to the investment services sector where a decision to that effect has been made by the undertaking in the financial conglomerate that is the group member referred to in Article 4(2) of the Financial Groups Directive;
    2. (b) to the insurance sector where a decision to that effect has been made by the undertaking in the financial conglomerate that is the group member referred to in Article 4(2) of the Financial Conglomerates Directive; or
    3. (c) to the smallest financial sector.
  2. (3) The decision in (2):
    1. (a) will apply to all asset management companies and all alternative investment fund managers that are members of the financial conglomerate from time to time;
    2. (b) cannot be changed; and
    3. (c) must be notified to the PRA without delay.
  3. (4) This rule applies even if a UCITS management company is an IFPRU investment firm or if an asset management company or alternative investment fund manager is an investment firm.

[Note: second paragraph of Art 30 and Art 30a(2) of the Financial Groups Directive]

6

Third Country Financial Conglomerates

6.1

01/01/2016

This Chapter applies to a firm that is a member of a third country financial conglomerate except:

  1. (1) an incoming EEA firm; or
  2. (2) an incoming Treaty firm; or
  3. (3) an insurer that is not a UK Solvency II firm.

6.2

01/01/2016

If a firm is subject to a requirement obliging it to comply with this rule with respect to a third country financial conglomerate of which it is a member, it must comply, with respect to that third country financial conglomerate, with the rules in Part 1 of Annex 3, as adjusted by Part 3 of that Annex.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art 18 of the Financial Groups Directive]

7

Risk Systems

7.1

01/01/2016

This Chapter applies to a firm that is a member of a UK-regulated EEA financial conglomerate.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art 9(1) of the Financial Groups Directive]

7.2

01/01/2016

A firm must comply with Group Risk Systems 2.1.

7.3

01/01/2016

For the purposes of 7.2, the risk management processes referred to in Group Risk Systems 2.1 include:

  1. (1) sound governance and management processes, which must include the approval and periodic review by the appropriate managing bodies within the financial conglomerate of the strategies and policies of the financial conglomerate in respect of all the risks assumed by the financial conglomerate, such review and approval being carried out at the level of the financial conglomerate;
  2. (2) adequate capital adequacy policies at the level of the financial conglomerate, one of the purposes of which must be to anticipate the impact of the business strategy of the financial conglomerate on its risk profile and on the capital adequacy requirements to which it and its members are subject;
  3. (3) adequate procedures for the purpose of ensuring that the risk monitoring systems of the financial conglomerate and its members are well integrated into their organisation;
  4. (4) adequate procedures for the purpose of ensuring that the systems and controls of the members of the financial conglomerate are consistent and that the risks can be measured, monitored and controlled at the level of the financial conglomerate; and
  5. (5) arrangements in place to contribute to and develop, if required, adequate recovery and resolution arrangements and plans, which a firm must update regularly.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art 9(2) of the Financial Groups Directive]

7.4

01/01/2016

For the purposes of 7.2, the internal control mechanisms referred to in Group Risk Systems 2.1 include:

  1. (1) mechanisms that are adequate to identify and measure all material risks incurred by members of the financial conglomerate and appropriately relate capital in the financial conglomerate to risks; and
  2. (2) sound reporting and accounting procedures for the purpose of identifying, measuring, monitoring and controlling intra-group transactions and risk concentrations.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art 9(3) of the Financial Groups Directive]

8

Transitionals

8.1

01/01/2016

A waiver applied to a firm in relation to a rule specified in Column B of the table at 8.2 will apply to that firm as a waiver or modification, as appropriate, of the corresponding rule set out under Column C of that table.

8.2

01/01/2016

Correlation table:

COLUMN A

Financial Conglomerates Directive
COLUMN B

(PRA Handbook as at 31 December 2015)
COLUMN C

Financial Conglomerates (PRA Rulebook)
Art 3.3

Art 3.3a
Rule 3.1.5 waiver Rule 2.1 waiver
Art 3.5

Art 3.4(b)
Rule 3.1.11 waiver Rule 2.7 waiver
Art 6(5) Rule 3.1.29 waiver Rule 3.3 waiver

 

Annex 1 - Financial Conglomerate Decision Tree

01/01/2016

Annex 2 - Capital Adequacy Calculations for Financial Conglomerates

12/10/2016

1 Table: PART 1: Method of Annex I of the Financial Groups Directive (Accounting Consolidation Method) 

Capital resources    1.1 The conglomerate capital resources of a financial conglomerate calculated in accordance with this Part are the capital of that financial conglomerate, calculated on an accounting consolidation basis, that qualifies under paragraph 1.2.
1.2 The elements of capital that qualify for the purposes of paragraph 1.1 are those that qualify in accordance with the applicable sectoral rules, in accordance with the following:
(1) the conglomerate capital resources requirement is divided up in accordance with the contribution of each financial sector to it; and
(2) the portion of the conglomerate capital resources requirement attributable to a particular financial sector must be met by capital resources that are eligible in accordance with the applicable sectoral rules for that financial sector.
Capital resources requirement 1.3 The conglomerate capital resources requirement of a financial conglomerate calculated in accordance with this Part is equal to the sum of the capital adequacy and solvency requirements for each financial sector calculated in accordance with the applicable sectoral rules for that financial sector.
Consolidation  1.4 The information required for the purpose of establishing whether or not a firm is complying with 3.3 (insofar as the definitions in this Part are applied for the purpose of that rule) must be based on the consolidated accounts of the financial conglomerate, together with such other sources of information as appropriate.
1.5 The applicable sectoral rules that are applied under this Part are the applicable sectoral consolidation rules. Other applicable sectoral rules must be applied if required.

 

2 Table: PART 2: Method 2 of Annex I of the Financial Groups Directive (Deduction and Aggregation Method) 

Capital resources 2.1 The conglomerate capital resources of a financial conglomerate calculated in accordance with this Part are equal to the sum of the following amounts (insofar as they qualify under paragraph 2.3) for each member of the overall financial sector:
(1) (for the person at the head of the financial conglomerate) its solo capital resources;
(2) (for any other member):
(a) its solo capital resources; less 
(b) the book value of the financial conglomerate’s investment in that member, to the extent not already deducted in the calculation of the solo capital resources for:
(i) the person at the head of the financial conglomerate; or
(ii) any other member.
2.2 The deduction in paragraph 2.1(2) must be carried out separately for each type of capital represented by the financial conglomerate’s investment in the member concerned.
2.3 The elements of capital that qualify for the purposes of paragraph 2.1 are those that qualify in accordance with the applicable sectoral rules. In particular, the portion of the conglomerate capital resources requirement attributable to a particular member of a financial sector must be met by capital resources that would be eligible under the sectoral rules that apply to the calculation of its solo capital resources.
Capital resources requirement 2.4 The conglomerate capital resources requirement of a financial conglomerate calculated in accordance with this Part is equal to the sum of the solo capital resources requirement for each member of the financial conglomerate that is in the overall financial sector.
Partial inclusion 2.5 The capital resources and capital resources requirements of a member of the financial conglomerate in the overall financial sector must be included proportionally. If however the member is a subsidiary undertaking and it has a solvency deficit, it must be included in full.
Accounts 2.6 The information required for the purpose of establishing whether or not a firm is complying with 3.3 (insofar as the definitions in this Part are applied for the purpose of that rule) must be based on the individual accounts of members of the financial conglomerate, together with such other sources of information as appropriate.

 

3 Table 

Types of financial conglomerate 3.1 (1) This paragraph sets out how to determine the category of financial conglomerate.
(2) If there is an EEA regulated entity at the head of the financial conglomerate, then:
(a) if that entity is in the banking sector or the investment services sector, the financial conglomerate is a banking and investment services conglomerate; or
(b) if that entity is in the insurance sector, the financial conglomerate is an insurance conglomerate.
(3) If (2) does not apply and the most important financial sector is the banking and investment services sector, it is a  banking and investment services conglomerate.
(4) If (2) and (3) do not apply, it is an insurance conglomerate.

 

4 Table 

A mixed financial holding company   4.1 mixed financial holding company must be treated in the same way as:
(a) financial holding company, if Part One, Title II, Chapter 2 of the CRR and Groups are applied; or
(b) an insurance holding company, if the rules in Solvency II Firms: Group Supervision are applied).

 

5 Table: PART 3: Principles applicable to all methods

Transfer-ability of capital 5.1 Capital may not be included in a firm’s conglomerate capital resources under 3.3 if the effectiveness of the transferability and availability of the capital across the different members of the financial conglomerate is insufficient, given the objectives of the capital adequacy rules for financial conglomerates.
Double counting 5.2 Capital must not be included in a firm’s conglomerate capital resources under 3.3 if: 
(1) it would involve double counting or multiple use of the same capital; or  
(2) it results from any inappropriate intra-group creation of capital.  
Cross sectoral capital 5.3 In accordance with the second sub-paragraph of paragraph 2(ii) of Section I of Annex I of the Financial Groups Directive (Other technical principles and insofar as not already required in Parts 1-2):  
(1) the solvency requirements for each different financial sector represented in a financial conglomerate required by 3.3 must be covered by own funds elements in accordance with the corresponding applicable sectoral rules; and  
(2) if there is a deficit of own funds at the financial conglomerate level, only cross sectoral capital (as referred to in that sub-paragraph) shall qualify for verification of compliance with the additional solvency requirement required by 3.3.  
Application of sectoral rules: general 5.4 The following adjustments apply to the applicable sectoral rules as they are applied by the rules in this Annex.  
(1) If any of those rules would otherwise not apply to a situation in which they are applied by this Annex, those rules nevertheless still apply (and in particular, any of those rules that would otherwise have the effect of disapplying consolidated supervision do not apply).  
(2) If it would not otherwise have been included, an ancillary insurance services undertaking is included in the insurance sector.  
(3) The scope of those rules is amended so as to remove restrictions relating to where members of the financial conglomerate are incorporated or have their head office, so that the scope covers every member of the financial conglomerate that would have been included in the scope of those rules if those members had their head offices in an EEA State.  
(4) For the purposes of Parts 1 to 2, those rules must be adjusted, if necessary, when calculating the capital resources, capital resources requirements or solvency requirements for a particular financial sector to exclude those for a member of another financial sector.  
(5) Any waiver granted to a member of the financial conglomerate under those rules does not apply for the purposes of this annex.  
Application of sectoral rules: banking sector and investment services sector 5.5 In relation to a BIPRU firm (as defined in the FCA Handbook) that is a member of a financial conglomerate where there are no credit institutions or investment firms, the following adjustments apply to the applicable sectoral rules for the banking sector and the investment services sector as they are applied by the rules in this Annex.  
(1) References in those rules to non-EEA sub-groups (as defined in the FCA Handbook) do not apply.  
(2) Any investment firm consolidation waivers (as defined in the FCA Handbook) granted to members of the financial conglomerate do not apply.  
(3) For the purposes of Parts 1 and 2, without prejudice to the application of requirements in BIPRU 8 of the FCA Handbook preventing the use of an advanced prudential calculation approach (as defined in the FCA Handbook) on a consolidated basis, any advanced prudential calculation approach permission (as defined in the FCA Handbook) that applies for the purpose of BIPRU 8 of the FCA Handbook does not apply.
(4) For the purposes of Parts 1 and 2, BIPRU 8.5.9R of the FCA Handbook and BIPRU 8.5.10R of the FCA Handbook do not apply.
(5) For the purposes of Parts 1 and 2, the method in GENPRU 2 Annex 4 of the FCA Handbook must be used for calculating the capital resources and BIPRU 8.6.8R of the FCA Handbook does not apply.
Other than as above, the CRD and CRR apply for the banking sector and the investment services sector.
No capital ties 5.6 (1) This rule deals with a financial conglomerate in which some of the members are not linked by capital ties at the time of the notification referred to in 3.1(2).
(2) If 3.3 applies with respect to a financial conglomerate falling into (1), then:
(a) the treatment of the links in (1) (including the treatment of any solvency deficit) is as provided for in whichever of Part 1 or Part 2 of this Annex 2 the firm has, under 3.4, indicated to the PRA it will apply or, if applicable, in the requirement referred to in 3.5; and 
(b) 3.3 applies even if the applicable sectoral rules do not deal with how undertakings not linked by capital ties are to be dealt with for the purposes of consolidated supervision. 

 

6 Table: PART 4: Definitions used in this Annex

Defining the financial sectors 6.1 For the purposes of Parts 1 and 2 of this Annex:
(1) an asset management company is allocated in accordance with 5.1;
(2) an alternative investment fund manager is allocated in accordance with 5.1; and
(3) mixed financial holding company must be treated as being a member of the most important financial sector.
Solo capital resources requirement: banking sector and investment services sector 6.2 (1) The solo capital resources requirement of an undertaking in the banking sector or the investment services sector must be calculated in accordance with this rule, subject to paragraphs 6.5 and 6.6.   
(2) The solo capital resources requirement of a building society is its own funds requirements.
(3) The solo capital resources requirement of an electronic money institution is the capital resources requirement that applies to it under the Electronic Money Regulations.
(4) If there is a credit institution in the financial conglomerate, the solo capital resources requirement for any undertaking in the banking sector or the investment services sector is, subject to (2) and (3), calculated in accordance with the CRR for calculating the own funds requirements of a bank.
(5) If:
(a) the financial conglomerate does not include a credit institution;
(b) there is at least one investment firm in the financial conglomerate; and
(c) all the investment firms in the financial conglomerate are firms within the meaning of Article 95(1) of the CRR or 96(1) of the CRR,
the solo capital resources requirement for any undertaking in the banking sector or the investment services sector is calculated in accordance with the CRR for calculating the own funds requirements of:
(i) if there is a firm within the scope of Article 96(1) of the CRR in the financial conglomerate, an IFPRU limited activity firm as defined in the FCA Handbook; or
(ii) in any other case, an IFPRU limited licence firm.
(6) If:
(a) the financial conglomerate does not include a credit institution; and
(b) (5) does not apply, the solo capital resources requirement for any undertaking in the banking sector or the investment services sector is calculated in accordance with the CRR for calculating the own funds requirements of a full-scope IFPRU investment firm as defined in the FCA Handbook.
 (7) In relation to a BIPRU firm as defined in the FCA Handbook that is a member of a financial conglomerate in which there are no credit institutions or investment firms, any capital resources requirements calculated under a BIPRU TP in the FCA Handbook may be used for the purposes of the solo capital resources requirement in this rule in the same way that the capital resources requirements can be used under BIPRU 8 of the FCA Handbook.
Solo capital resources requirement: application of rules 6.3 Any exemption that would otherwise apply under any rules applied by paragraph 6.2 does not apply for the purposes of this Annex.
Solo capital resources requirement: insurance sector 6.4 (1) The solo capital resources requirement of an undertaking in the insurance sector is:
(a) in respect of a UK Solvency II firm, the SCR;
(b) in respect of a Solvency II undertaking other than a UK Solvency II firm, the equivalent of the SCR as calculated in accordance with the Solvency II EEA implementing measures in the EEA State in which it has received authorisation in accordance with article 14 of the Solvency II Directive.;
(c) in respect of a third country insurance undertaking or third country reinsurance undertaking to which Group Supervision, 10.4(2) applies, the equivalent of the SCR as calculated in accordance with the applicable requirements in that third country;
(d) in respect of any undertaking which is not within (a) to (c), the capital resources requirement calculated according to the rules for the calculation of the solo capital resources requirement applicable to that undertaking for the purposes of the calculation referred to in Group Supervision and Chapter I of Title II of the delegated acts or, if no rules are applicable for that calculation under Group Supervision and Chapter I of Title II of the delegated acts, in accordance with the SCR Rules.
Solo capital resources requirement: EEA firms in the banking sector or investment services sector 6.5 The solo capital resources requirement for an EEA regulated entity (other than a bankbuilding societydesignated investment firm, IFPRU investment firm as defined in the FCA Handbook, BIPRU firm as defined in the FCA Handbook, an insurer or an EEA insurer) that is subject to the solo capital adequacy sectoral rules for its financial sector of the competent authority that authorised it is equal to the amount of capital it is obliged to hold under those sectoral rules provided that the following conditions are satisfied:
(1) for the purposes of the banking sector and the investment services sector, those sectoral rules must correspond to the PRA sectoral rules identified in paragraph 6.2 as applying to that financial sector;
(2) the entity must be subject to those sectoral rules in (1); and
(3) paragraph 6.3 applies to the entity and those sectoral rules.
Solo capital resources requirement: non-EEA firms subject to equivalent regimes in the banking sector or investment services sector 6.6 The solo capital resources requirement for a recognised third country credit institution or a recognised third country investment firm is the amount of capital resources that it is obliged to hold under the sectoral rules for its financial sector that apply to it in the state or territory in which it has its head office provided that:
(1) there is no reason for the firm applying the rules in this Annex to believe that the use of those sectoral rules would produce a lower figure than would be produced under paragraph 6.2; and
(2) paragraph 6.3 applies to the entity and those sectoral rules.
Solo capital resources requirement: mixed financial holding company 6.7 The solo capital resources requirement of a mixed financial holding company is a notional capital requirement. It is the capital adequacy requirement that applies to regulated entities in the most important financial sector under the table in paragraph 8.

  

7 Table

Solo capital resources requirement: the insurance sector 7.1 References to capital requirements in the provisions of this Annex defining solo capital resources requirement must be interpreted in accordance with paragraph 5.4.

 

8 Table: Application of sectoral consolidation rules

Banking sector 8 Part One, Title II, Chapter 2 of the CRR and the Groups Part.
Insurance sector   Group Supervision
Investment services sector   in relation to a designated investment firm or an IFPRU investment firm which is a member of a financial conglomerate for which the PRA is the coordinator, Part One, Title II, Chapter 2 of the CRR and the PRA Rulebook.

9 Table

 

Part 4 9 This Part 4 is subject to Part 3 of this Annex.

Annex 3 - Prudential Rules for Third Country Financial Conglomerates (6.2)

01/01/2016

1 Table: PART 1: Third country financial conglomerates 

1.1 This Part of this Annex sets out the rules with which a firm must comply under 6.2 with respect to a financial conglomerate of which it is a member.
1.2 firm must comply, with respect to the financial conglomerate referred to in paragraph 1.1, with 3.3.
1.3 For the purposes of paragraph 1.2:
(1) the definitions of conglomerate capital resources and conglomerate capital resources requirement that apply for the purposes of that rule are the ones from whichever of Part 1 or Part 2 of Annex 2 is specified in the requirement referred to in 6.2; and
(2) the rules so applied (including those in Annex 2) are adjusted in accordance with paragraph 2.1.
1.4 If the condition in Articles 7(4) and 8(4) of the Financial Groups Directive is satisfied (the financial conglomerate is headed by a mixed financial holding company) with respect to the financial conglomerate referred to in paragraph 1.1 the firm must also comply with 4.2 (as adjusted in accordance with paragraph 2.1) with respect to that financial conglomerate.
1.5 firm must comply with the following with respect to the financial conglomerate referred to in paragraph 1.1:
(1) Chapter 7 as adjusted under paragraph 2.1; and
(2) 3.2.

 

2 Table: PART 2: Adjustment of scope

2.1 The adjustments that must be carried out under this paragraph are that the scope of the rules referred to in Part 1 of this Annex, are amended:
(1) to remove any provisions disapplying those rules for third country financial conglomerates;
(2) to remove all limitations relating to where a member of the third country financial conglomerate is incorporated or has its head office; and
(3) so that the scope covers every member of the third country financial conglomerate that would have been included in the scope of those rules if those members had their head offices in, and were incorporated in, and an EEA State.