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Application provision

1.1 Unless otherwise stated, this Part applies to:

  1. (1) a UK Solvency II firm;
  2. (2) in accordance with Insurance General Application 3, the Society, as modified by 6 to 8; and
  3. (3) in accordance with Insurance General Application 3, managing agents, as modified by 8.

1

Application

1.1

01/01/2016

Unless otherwise stated, this Part applies to:

  1. (1) a UK Solvency II firm;
  2. (2) in accordance with Insurance General Application 3, the Society, as modified by 6 to 8; and
  3. (3) in accordance with Insurance General Application 3, managing agents, as modified by 8.

2

Requirement to Hold Eligible Own Funds Covering the SCR

2.1

01/01/2016

A firm must hold eligible own funds covering its SCR.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art. 100 of the Solvency II Directive]

3

General Provisions for the Calculation of the SCR

3.1

01/01/2016

A firm must calculate its SCR either in accordance with the standard formula or using an internal model for which internal model approval has been granted.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art. 100 of the Solvency II Directive]

3.2

01/01/2016

A firm must calculate its SCR on the presumption that it will pursue its business as a going concern.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art. 101(2) of the Solvency II Directive]

3.3

01/01/2016

A firm’s SCR:

  1. (1) must be calibrated to ensure that all quantifiable risks to which the firm is exposed are taken into account, including at least the non-life underwriting risk, life underwriting risk, health underwriting risk, market risk, credit risk, and operational risk;
  2. (2) must cover existing business, as well as the new business expected to be written over the following 12 months; and
  3. (3) with respect to existing business, must cover only unexpected losses.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art. 101(3)–(4) of the Solvency II Directive]

3.4

01/01/2016

A firm’s SCR must correspond to the value-at-risk of its basic own funds subject to a confidence level of 99.5% over a one-year period.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art. 101(3) of the Solvency II Directive]

3.5

01/01/2016

When calculating the SCR, firms must take account of the effect of risk-mitigation techniques, provided that credit risk and other risks arising from the use of risk-mitigation techniques are properly reflected in the SCR.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art. 101(5) of the Solvency II Directive]

3.6

01/01/2016

Notwithstanding 3.2 to 3.5, a firm’s SCR shall not cover the risk of loss of basic own funds resulting from changes to the volatility adjustment.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art. 77d(6) of the Solvency II Directive]

4

Frequency of Calculation of the SCR

4.1

01/01/2016

A firm must calculate its SCR and report the result of that calculation to the PRA at least once a year.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art. 102(1) of the Solvency II Directive]

4.2

01/01/2016

For the purposes of 2.1, a firm must hold eligible own funds which cover its last reported SCR.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art. 102(1) of the Solvency II Directive]

4.3

01/01/2016

A firm must monitor the amount of its eligible own funds and its SCR on an ongoing basis.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art. 102(1) of the Solvency II Directive]

4.4

01/01/2016

If a firm’s risk profile deviates significantly from the assumptions underlying its last reported SCR, the firm must recalculate its SCR without delay and report it to the PRA.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art. 102(1) of the Solvency II Directive]

4.5

01/01/2016

Where there is evidence to suggest that the risk profile of a firm has altered significantly since the date on which the SCR was last reported by it, if so requested by the PRA, the firm must recalculate its SCR.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art. 102(2) of the Solvency II Directive]

5

Capital Add-on

5.1

01/01/2016

A firm must make every effort to remedy the deficiencies that led to the imposition of a capital add-on arising as a result of an internal model significant risk profile deviation or a significant system of governance deviation.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art. 37(3) of the Solvency II Directive]

5.2

01/01/2016

Except as provided in 5.3, the SCR prior to the imposition of the capital add-on, together with the amount of the capital add-on imposed by the PRA, will constitute the firm’s SCR.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art. 37(5) of the Solvency II Directive]

5.3

01/01/2016

For the purposes of calculating the risk margin, the SCR of a firm must not include any capital add-on imposed as a result of a significant system of governance deviation.

Additional Notes


[Note: Art. 37(5) of the Solvency II Directive]

6

Requirement to Hold Eligible Own Funds: Lloyds

6.1

01/01/2016

This Chapter applies to the Society.

6.2

01/01/2016

The Society must ensure that eligible own funds are held at Lloyd’s covering its SCR.

6.3

01/01/2016

Eligible own funds covering the central requirement must be eligible own funds attributable to the Society.

6.4

01/01/2016

Where the standard formula is used by the Society to calculate the SCR for Lloyd’s, the Society must carry out the following process before it will be taken to have demonstrated that 6.2 is met:

  1. (1) own funds attributable to a member are to be compared with the member’s notional SCR derived pursuant to 8.4;
  2. (2) where the own funds attributable to the member are less than or equal to that member’s notional SCR, such own funds (but no additional own funds attributable to that member, including any own funds which are greater than the member’s notional SCR) are to be taken into account for the purposes of establishing compliance with 6.2; and
  3. (3) to the extent the own funds attributable to the member are less than that member’s notional SCR derived pursuant to 8.4, the Society must hold own funds in respect of the difference.

6.5

01/01/2016

Where the Society uses an approved internal model, the Society must also ensure that eligible own funds are held at Lloyd’s covering, for at least 99.5% of the scenarios taken into account in the internal model for the purposes of meeting Solvency Capital Requirement - Internal Models 12.2, any diminution in own funds at Lloyd’s arising from the impact of those scenarios.

6.6

01/01/2016

Where an approved internal model is used by the Society to calculate the SCR, for the purpose of meeting the requirement set out in 6.2, the Society may take account of own funds attributable to a member only to the extent of the diminution, if any, to those own funds resulting from the application of risk scenarios taken into account in the internal model.

7

General Provisions for Calculation of the SCR: Lloyd’s

7.1

01/01/2016

This Chapter applies to the Society.

7.2

01/01/2016

In calculating the SCR for Lloyd’s, the Society must ensure that the SCR is calibrated so as to include:

  1. (1) all quantifiable risks to which members are exposed as a consequence of those members carrying on insurance business at Lloyd’s; and
  2. (2) all quantifiable risks to which the Society is exposed, including risks to the central assets and central liabilities;

in the manner required by 3 (and, where an internal model is used, in accordance with the Solvency Capital Requirement - Internal Models Part of the PRA Rulebook and where the standard formula is used, in accordance with the Solvency Capital Requirement - Standard Formula Part of the PRA Rulebook).

7.3

01/01/2016

The Society must calculate a central requirement for Lloyd’s which meets 7.2(2).

7.4

01/01/2016

The central requirement must take account of the risk that the central assets may be used to meet deficiencies (as to amount or quality) in own funds attributable to members, such own funds supporting members’ insurance business at Lloyd’s.

8

Syndicate Notional SCR and Member Notional SCR: Lloyd’s

8.1

01/01/2016

This Chapter applies to managing agents and, where specified, the Society.

8.2

01/01/2016

A managing agent must calculate a notional SCR for each syndicate which it manages.

8.3

01/01/2016

The notional SCR for each syndicate referred to in 8.2 must be calculated using a methodology which is consistent with the method used by the Society to derive the SCR for Lloyd’s for the purposes of enabling the Society to comply with the relevant provisions of this Chapter.

8.4

01/01/2016

The Society must calculate a notional SCR for each member using the method of calculation chosen to calculate the SCR for Lloyd’s for the purpose of 3.1.

8.5

01/01/2016

Where a managing agent manages risks which are included in the Lloyd’s SCR calculation, the managing agent must promptly assist and provide all relevant information to the Society for the purposes of the Society complying with relevant provisions of SCR Rules.